This research is being conducted under the women4climate mentorship program by C40 cities in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Climate, Maharashtra. The Mentee, Vidisha Dhar, is supported by her mentor Lubaina Rangwala from WRI, urbz collective and Anamika Sarker, a student of the built environment at the Jindal School of Art and Architecture. Vidisha is an urban designer trained in participatory planning, mobility and urban data. She is adding climate as a new component to her particular focus in mobility and participatory planning, following the requirements of this fellowship.
The first phase of this research, which is at the conjunction of mobility and climate, tests the validity of a hypothesis made earlier- that men from a higher economic group release more carbon emissions than their female counterparts or their contemporaries from poorer economic backgrounds in their travel choices. While previous formulations of this phase had framed the approach as wanting to “prove” the truthfulness of this claim, the methodology has been re-evaluated to allow the research to test rather than prove. Since the subject of study in this first phase is very precise- to document the carbon emissions from personal travel choices- the data collection method for this phase should also emulate this precision. For this reason, it will be helpful to use quantitative data directly wherever possible or collect data which numbers could just as easily represent. The other reasons for choosing a quantitative methodology of research in this phase are:
Diverse participation and reduced respondent fatigue enable many participants to participate in the study. Given that the research examines a claim that identifies the travel behaviour of the entire city of Mumbai, it is critical to address respondents' diversity to document the travel patterns of a variety of people across gender, age, income level, and geography. The brief questionnaire asks about the kind of transportation used, travel duration, and the distance travelled. With the support of the existing emission standards for vehicles, the answers to these specific questions would enable us to calculate the CO2 emissions of every journey. This research will only consider vehicle typology, not vehicle size. Thus, a questionnaire would allow us to engage with extensive and diverse individuals in a short time.