The 2.5 Lakh Rupee House


Utkarsh Nagar, Bhandup West, Mumbai

We spent most of the last two weeks with contractor Amar Madhukar Nirjankar in a neighbourhood “in formation” in Bhandup in the north-eastern suburb of Mumbai. Utkarsh Nagar, like many of the so-called “slums” of Mumbai, was developed incrementally by local residents and contractors over the past 40 to 50 years, with no help whatsoever from the government or professional architects and engineers.

Yet the skills and hands-on experience of the local contractors we met there can easily outmatch the technical knowledge of the best-trained professionals. In peak construction periods of the year, Amar builds up to five houses a month and he has been doing this job for the past 20 years. With him, we studied the construction process of a typical house of about 200 sq ft. This house, which cost the owner Rs 2.5 lakhs (about US $5,600) is the most affordable house that he is working on at the moment. It was built in 25 days over the debris of the previous house.


The 2.5 lakh house built by Amar


Path to the house

To us, Utkarsh Nagar is a great example of mass scale affordable housing produced through the local market. It represents a viable alternative to the type of affordable housing that is being produced today by big developers under the SRA scheme (Slum Redevelopment Authority). We produced a quick video with an interview of Amar, who talks about his activity and the neighbourhood. He explains why he believes that the type of high-rise affordable housing that are currently coming up in Bhandup are failing the people who live there.

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An interview of contractor Amar Madhukar Nirjankar of Bhandup

Based on the information we gathered from Amar, fellow URBZ members from Chile, Cole and Christian have produced CAD renderings of the whole house showing the construction process, along with the labour and material involved. These images do not represent any kind of proposal from us, this is simply the house as it was built by Amar.

THIS is affordable housing: Rs 2.5 lakh built in 25 days.

More images of Amar’s house and Bhandup here.

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5 Responses to “The 2.5 Lakh Rupee House”

  1. airoots/eirut » Short-changing the slums Says:

    [...] more on this theme see our study of a 2.5 lakh rupee house in Bhandup. Comments [...]


  2. airoots/eirut » The Dweller and the Slum-dweller Says:

    [...] process of a 2.5 lakhs house in Utkarsh Nagar, Bhandup. Click here for more about this [...]


  3. The Homegrown Cities Project | URBZ Says:

    [...] by contribution to the construction of a Sai Baba temple that defines the identity of the place and we have documented several of his projects. In the first phase of the project in Banhdup, Amar is our key partner, along with Marc Hood a [...]


  4. Homegrown cities: THIS is sustainable development! | Perifèries Urbanes Says:

    [...] sobre la forma local de construir viviendas baratas: video, y artículo “The 2,5 lakh rupee house” en [...]


  5. 10 Things Every Urbanist Should Know about Mumbai - Guggenheim Blogs Says:

    [...] least. And that’s up in the northern ’burbs. If you want to buy into the realm of prime real estate [...]


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